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Sir James Balfour Paul, KCVO, Advocate, F.S.A. (Scot) ( Lord Lyon 1890-1927 )

ARMS: Or, a chevron indented Sable between two lions rampant Gules in chief and an escutcheon of the third in base.


Source for blazon: “An Ordinary of Arms”, Sir James Balfour Paul, Second Edition,
Edinburgh, William Green and Sons 1903, page 59, entry # 872.

Sir James born in 1846, became an Advocate in 1870, was appointed Lord Lyon on 12 March 1890, succeeding George Burnett, L.L.D. and was made a Knight Batchelor in 1900, and given a CVO on 20 July 1911 and the KCVO on 1 January 1926. He demitted his office on 31 December 1926 being succeeded by George Sitwell Campbell Swinton and died on 15 September 1931.

He is remembered today as an author of well known books on Scottish heraldry: “Heraldry in Relation to Scottish History and Art” being the Rhind Lectures on Archaeology for 1898, published in 1900 and “An Ordinary of Scottish Arms”, 1893, updated in a Second Edition in 1903, to cover all the arms in the Public Register from 1672 through 1901 which is still a standard reference work for Scots heraldists.

Additionally, Lord Lyon Paul undertook the huge expansion and updating of the 3rd Scots Peerage into the 4th compilation of “The Scots Peerage” now of nine volumes, it was published, between 1904 and 1914 under his editorship ( see article “The Scots Peerage”, ”Tak Tent”, No. 31, pp 6-9. for more details on this.). It would be interesting today, almost 100 years later, if the sitting Lord Lyon were to lead a team to update this monumental work into an even more current 5th compilation… ( see also entries for Sir Robert Douglas of Glenbervie, Bt. and for George Craufurd in this album in relation to the earlier editions and publications of the Scots Peerages.).

The artwork is a rendering by John Hamilton Gaylor

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